Hukamnama – Order of supreme
authority, issue of hukamnama was an ages old tradition among
the rulers, which was binding on their people. In many parts
of the world Kings used to send their orders through hukamnama.
These may have been known by names in different countries.
During and before the life of Sikh gurus the right to issue
hukamnama was reserved only with the rulers but Sikh philosophy
gave it a very different definition. God the one omni present
is the only supreme authority, in the universe and the Guru
is described as the representative of God. Hence the authority
to issue hukamnama in Sikhism stands only with the guru.
Sikh Gurus used this tool in a very unique way to attach
Sikh followers in a better way with the Sikh philosophy. Recitation
of some phrases of Guru Granth Sahib in a particular manner
at the end of every preaching session is called hukamnama.
Fifth Guru, Guru Arjun Dev started this tradition when after
compilation of Granth (Guru Granth Sahib), he installed Granth
at Harmandar Sahib. The first act of recitation of Granth
is known as first hukamnama; ever since it has become a rule
to follow this act. Every time Guru Granth Sahib is installed
on its seat and after every prayer paid before Guru Granth
Sahib the hukamnama is read out.
he hukamnama read this way are phrases of Guru Granth Sahib,
which are the teachings/guidelines towards a perfect lifestyle.
Thus, the hukamnama serves the purpose of a reminder with
authority to every listener towards his or her duties about
living a perfect life.
ixth Guru, Guru Hargobind Sahib when developed the Akal Takhat
– the highest temporal seat, also started giving his Sikhs,
instructions for a general and social life in the shape of hukamnamas.
The idea of the gurus was simply to covey the message to the
rulers of time that by force they can no more put life of a
common person under their control in other words it was the
part of revolution that Guru Nanak started to take out a common
person from the hands of cruel rituals and rulers. Ever since
addicts issued by Akal Takhat are also known as Hukamnama.