do we do Chaur on the Guru Granth Sahib
? Why do we put the Granth Sahib on a
bed? Why the Chanani or canopy?
This is to express our regards and our
respect for the Holy Scripture, the True
King. The king commanded the greatest
power, hence also the maximum respect
and honor, in the old days. Guru Nanak
said that the true kings are those who
love God and help others to do that. They
are the rulers of the hearts of the people.
The political kings are temporary kings
and their authority ends with their death.
The Guru are the true kings; they teach
Truth and rule our hearts. The Guru Granth
Sahib is the embodiment of the spirit
of all the Sikh Gurus and many other holy
men whose hymns are included in it. We
respect them as the true kings.
The king sat on a throne under a canopy.
He used to have a fanlike structure to
be waved over his head as a symbol of
his royalty. The Guru Granth Sahib, being
the true emperor, is provided all these
regal paraphernalia in the Gurdwara. We
install the scripture on a throne (called
Manji Sahib) with pillows around for supporting
it. A canopy (Chanani) is provided above
the scripture in the same way as it was
put over the head of a king while he attended
his court. During the session (Diwan),
a person, with Chaur in his hand, is always
in attendance on the scripture installed
respectfully in the hall. For maintaining
due regards and respect, we carry this
holy scripture to another room when the
hall is to be cleaned or when the session
is over for the day. Before we bring the
Guru Granth Sahib in the hall, we set
everything in the hall properly. This
is the court of the Guru. You will understand
the whole ceremony better if you bring
into mind the scene of the courtroom where
everything is set and made ready before
a judge enters his court. The Guru Granth
Sahib is the Emperor of Emperors, hence
all these ceremonial decorations.