GURU RAM DAS (24.9.1534 - 1.9.1581), son
of Mata Daya Kaur and Baba Hari Das, was
born at Lahore. He was named Jetha (literally:
the eldest). His parents died when he
was just seven years old. In 1541, his
grandmother took him to village Basarke.
Here, the child Bhai Jetha came into contact
with Guru Amar Das Sahib. Some times later,
Guru Amar Das Sahib took him to Goindwal.
Bhai Jetha made active participation in
the establishment of Goindwal. Guru Amar
Das Sahib loved Bhai Jetha so much that
he always took Bhai Jetha with him. When
Guru Amar Das Sahib went on a missionary
journey, Bhai Jetha too accompanied him.
In 1554, Bhai Jetha got married to Bibi
Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das Sahib.
Bibi Bhani bore him three sons: Prithi
Chand, Mahadev and (Guru) Arjan Sahib.
During this period, some Brahmin and Khatri
Hindus made a complaint to Akbar that
Guru Amar Das had been asking the people
not to read Gaetari Mantra (a hymn sacred
to the Hindus) and was preaching Gurbaani.
In 1566-67, Akbar visited Lahore. Partly
because of that complaint and partly on
insistence by Birbal (a Hindu minister
of Akbar), Akbar sent a message to Guru
Sahib to visit Lahore. Guru Amar Das Sahib
sent Bhai Jetha to Lahore. Here, Bhai
Jetha presented truth before Akbar. At
this Akbar rebuked the Brahmins and the
Khatri Hindus and thanked Bhai Jetha for
In 1570 (according to some sources in
1564), Guru Amar Das Sahib asked Bhai
Jetha to establish a model town of the
Sikh nation in the heart of the Punjab.
Guru Ram Das Sahib purchased the land
of Sultanwind, Tung, Gilwali and Gumtala
villages and began digging of Santokhsar
Sarovar (tank). Guru Ram Das Sahib was
installed as Fourth Nanak.
In 1577, he laid the foundation of the
city of Amritsar. In 1577, he started
the construction of Amritsar Sarovar (tank).
The town was, then, known as Guru-Da-Chakk.
(Gradually, Amritsar became a center of
the Sikh nation's religious, cultural,
economic and political life). Later, Guru
Arjan Sahib named it Chakk Ram Das, after
Guru Ram Das Sahib's name. Now it is known
as Amritsar, after the name of Amritsar
Sarovar. He spread the Sikh mission by
appointing Masands (in charges of mission)
to different parts of the sub-continent.
It was during his time that Sri Chand
(son of Guru Nanak Sahib), the founder
of the Udasi sect, expressed his desire
to be a part of the Sikh faith.
Guru Ram Das Sahib wrote 638 hymns, which
are a part of Guru Granth Sahib. He composed
hymns in 30 Rags. His hymns include 8
Vaars, 246 Padei, 31 Ashtpadis and 138
Saloks. He appointed Guru Arjan Sahib
as his successor-in-mission and presented
the latter with all the Sikh scriptures.