HAR RAI SAHIB
GURU HAR RAI SAHIB (1630 - 1661), son
of Baba Gurditta (and grandson of Guru
Hargobind Sahib), was born at Keeratpur
Sahib. In 1640, he was married to Mata
Sulakkhani . She gave birth to Ram Rai,
Rup Kaur and (Guru) Harkrishan Sahib.
(Guru) Har Rai Sahib was installed as
the Seventh Nanak on March 18, 1642. He
carried out Sikh missionary activity in
the temporal and transcendental spheres.
He developed the Sikh centre at Keeratpur
Sahib and in the surrounding areas. Guru
Har Rai Sahib established 360 Sikh missionary
seats (each heded by a Masand) in various
parts of the sub-continent. Guru Har Rai
Sahib consolidated the Sikhs into a united
cohesive force. He taught the Sikhs the
art of political administration. Guru
Har Rai Sahib undertook several missionary
journeys throughout Punjab, Himachal Pradesh,
Jammu and Kashmir etc. In 1659-60, Guru
Sahib undertook a long missionary journey
of the Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. He
visited Lahore, Jalalpur Jattan, Galotian
Khurd, Sialkot, Srinagar, Akhnur, Jammu,
Ramgarh, Khirarhi, Samba, Pathankot etc.
Guru Sahib had a very strong army of 2200
horses and a large number of soldiers.
In 1658, the war of succession broke out
among the children of Shah Jahan, the
Mogul emperor. The major battle was fought
between the armies of Aurangzeb and Dara
Shikoh. Dara Shikoh, after a major defeat,
moved towards the Punjab. The army of
Aurangzeb chased Dara Shikoh. Guru Har
Rai Sahib blocked the movement of Aurangzeb's
army so that Dara Shikoh could escape.
This incident angered Aurangzeb. When
Aurangzeb got settled, he sent summons
to Guru Sahib. Guru Sahib sent his elder
son Ram Rai to Delhi. When Ram Rai tried
to please Aurangzeb, Guru Sahib excommunicated
him (Ram Rai) and chose his younger son
(Guru) Harkrishan Sahib as his successor.
He died at Keeratpur Sahib, in 1661